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经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

在中国注册公司,必须登记经营范围 Set up a company in China, the business scope must be registered

不是所有的国家都要求企业在登记设立时,需要对其经营的范围有详细的描述,但在国内注册公司是需要的,虽然近年来对登记部门对经营范围有所放松,但规范和详细的描述还是必要的。

Not all countries require companies to have a detailed description of their business scope when setting up. However, business scope is necessary in China. Although the registration department has loosened the business scope in recent years, specification and detailed description is necessary.

经营范围是指国家允许企业生产和经营的商品类别、品种及服务项目。企业的经营范围,会在政府的公示平台中显示。

Business Scope refers to the categories, varieties and service items of commodities that the state allows enterprises to produce and operate. The business scope of the enterprise will be displayed on the government’s public announcement platform.

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

随着商事改革的深入,虽然《营业执照》上还有关于“行业主营”的表述,但各地的工商管理部门已经开始淡化经营范围中主营和兼营的概念,放宽对经营范围的限制,除了部分涉及特殊许可的项目,其他一般项目都允许投资人自由选择,自愿登记。那么经营范围的选择应该注意些什么?

With the deepening of commercial reform, although the Business License also has a statement on main business, the local industrial and commercial administration departments have begun to downplay the concept of main business and concurrent operation. Restrictions on business scope have also been liberalized. Except some projects involving special licenses, other general projects allow investors to freely choose and voluntarily register. So what should you pay attention to when choosing business scopes?

经营范围的选择原则 The principle of choosing a business scope

1. 先发散再归总:先把企业需要经营的项目全部罗列,然后再根据《国民经济行业分类》或各地工商系统的分类,对号入座;

Diverge and converge: First, list all the projects that the enterprise needs to operate, and then categorize them according to the National Economy Industry Classification or the local industrial and commercial systems.

2. 宁滥勿缺:只要不涉及特殊许可的经营范围,宁愿多选,为自己创造更多主动性;

More is better: Choose a wider business scope except for those specially permitted, and you won’t put yourself into a passive situation in certain circumstances.

3. 结合发票考虑:比如说某些客户要求发票的上的货物或服务名称必须是他们指定的类别,那么在填写经营范围时,就要选上相关类别;

Taking invoice into consideration: For example, if some customers require that the goods or service names on the invoice must be of the category they specify, then the relevant category should be selected when filling out the business scope.

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

4. 结合税种考虑:如果业务流程中,既有产品销售,也有服务收入或运输服务,那么在经营范围中一定要选择相应的类别,否则公司成立后核定不了相应的税种。

Taking tax category into consideration: If there are both product sales and service income or transportation services in the business process, then the corresponding category must be selected in the business scope, otherwise the corresponding tax will not be approved after the company is established.

经营范围的法律要求 Legal requirements for business scope

1. 必须在章程中阐明:《公司法》规定,经营范围由《公司章程》规定,不能超越章程规定进行工商登记。

Must be stated in the Articles of Association: The Company Law stipulates that the scope of business shall be formulated by the Articles of Association and we shall not register exceeding this scope.

2. 必须依法登记:必须到工商登记部门办理登记。

Must be registered legally: Registration at industrial and commercial registration department is required.

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

3. 商事公示:经营范围将会在全商事公示平台进行公示。

Commercial disclosure: The business scope will be publicized on the national commercial publicity platform.

4. 前置和后置审批:经营范围一般分为“一般经营项目”、“前置经营项目”和“后置经营项目”,一般经营项目只需直接登记,如普通商品批发;前置经营项目需要领取了相关行业许可后才能登记,如《药品经营许可证》;后置经营项目是登记并领取了营业执照后,需要拿到相关行业许可方可经营,如《食品经营许可证》。

Pre- and post-approval: The business scope is generally divided into “general business projects”, “pre-operating projects” and “post-operating projects”. General business projects only need to be registered directly, such as ordinary commodity wholesale. For pre-operating projects, relevant industry license such as Pharmaceutical Business License needs to be obtained before registering. For post-operation projects, after registration and receiving a business license, you need to obtain the relevant industry license to operate, such as the “Food Business License”.

超范围经营需要负什么责任? What are the penalties for engaging in commercial activities beyond the scope of business?

根据《公司法》和《民法通则》规定,如果企业超出登记机关核准登记的经营范围从事非法经营的,除公司承担责任外,对法定代表人或主要负责人可以给予行政处分、罚款,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。

According to the “Company Law” and the “General Principles of Civil Law”, if an enterprise engages in commercial activities beyond the scope of its business, in addition to the company’s liability, the legal representative or main person in charge shall be given administrative sanctions and fines. If it constitutes a crime, it needs to be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with the law.

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

为什么会追究刑事责任那么严重呢?例如,一家医疗器械销售公司,经营范围就需要有“医疗器械销售”,且应该申请《医疗器械经营许可证》,如果没有,销售的产品侵害了顾客的生命,就可能会被追究刑事责任。

Why is it that “beyond the scope of business” will be held criminally liable so serious? For example, a medical equipment sales company needs to have “medical equipment sales” in its business scope and should apply for a “medical equipment sales license”. If not, the products sold infringe the lives of customers and may be held criminally responsible.

经营范围中的主营业务 Main business in the business scope

如上述提及,只要企业登记在经营范围中的类别,都可以合法经营经营活动,那为何在一些城市的营业执照中,还保有“主营类别”或“行业类别”的登记呢?一方面是用于政府的统计,另一方面也是企业对外展现“企业气质“的途径,说白了,就是我怎么用一个词告诉外界我是干啥的。

As mentioned above, a company can operate legally within the business scope they have registered. But why there are still “main business category” and “industry category” registration in some cities’ business license? On the one hand, it is used for government statistics, on the other hand, it is also the way for enterprises to display “enterprise temperament”. To put it bluntly, how do I use a word to tell the outside world what industry I am engaged in.

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

按照常用的行业分类,我们罗列了一下,供参考

According to the common industry classification, here we list the following industries:

  • 制造业

Manufacturing

  • 批发业

Wholesale industry

  • 零售业

Retail

  • 商务服务业

Business services

  • 餐饮业

Catering

  • 软件和信息技术服务业

Software and information technology services

  • 广告业

Advertising

  • 租赁业

Leasing industry

  • 居民服务业

Residential service industry

  • 金融业

Financial industry

  • 房地产业

Real estate industry

  • 建筑业

Construction industry

  • 农业

Agriculture

  • 畜牧业

Animal husbandry

经营范围英文怎么写(公司业务范围英文)

在中国大陆注册公司,必须要列明经营范围,而且范围需要在政府部门登记。企业的经营范围会在政府的公示平台进行公示,如果公司超出经营范围从事商业活动,可能会遭到罚款,构造犯罪的,还可能会直接被追究刑事责任。

To register a company in China, the business scope must be specified, and the scope must be registered with the government department, it will be publicized on the government’s public announcement platform. If the company engages in commercial activities beyond the business scope, it may be fined, and if a crime is constituted, it may also be directly held criminally responsible.

所以,经营范围的设计需要结合企业自身,结合法律、税务和市场趋势去考量,如有任何问题,可以咨询GBAA。

Therefore, the business scope of design requires a combination of their own, with legal, tax and market trends to consider, if you have any questions, please consult GBAA.

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版权声明:本文著作权归原作者徐三seo所有,转载请注明出处,感谢!

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